The one who was Santa Otilia? Article elaborated by the Optical-Optometrist Rafael José Pérez-Cambrodí.
HISTORICAL REVIEW OF SANTA OTILIA
Author: Rafael José Pérez-Cambrodí.
Optometrist (OD). Doctor in Optometry and Sciences of the Vision (PhD). Graduate in History.
The martirologio roman relates to Santa Otilia, Santa Clara and Santa Lucía with the healing milagrosa of illnesses of the eyes. Santa Lucía, patron saint also of the ophthalmologists, is the most known in our surroundings, however, Santa Otilia, patron saint also of the optical-optometrists, is venerated with elder profusión in the continental Europe. His history, to horse between the proportionate evidence by the historical documents and the legends seeded and spread during the High Half Age in the western Europe, are worth it to be explained for being bagaje indispensable in the imaginary community of our profession.
The history of Santa Otilia, between the reality and the legend
Otilia or Odilia was daughter primogénita of the duke alsaciano Adalrico, pagan recently converted to the Christianity and his wife Beresbinda. It was born blind, in the second half of the 7th century A.D (660 dC?), and by this reason was repudiated by his father. It was saved of the death when being delivered by his mother to the monastery of Balma, identified according to different historians like the one of Beaume-them-Dames (near of Besançon) or the one of Moyenmoutier. There it was baptised to the 12 years by the Saint bishop Erardo (Erhard of Regensbug), event that, according to the legend, motivated that it recovered the vision when touching his eyes with the saint oils. It was thus call Otilia, that means %u201Cdaughter of the light%u201D.
Years afterwards, his small brother Hugo knew his history and carried it of turn to the home paterno. However, his father, prisoner of a rage of ire, killed to his brother and forced to Otilia to live with the servants of his castle. When reaching the youth, his father decided to promise it in marriage what caused that Otilia, that had sworn the votes monásticos secretly, escaped and took refuge in a mountain of the Black Jungle. There it built an altar of the that brotó a manantial that soon attracted to crowd of pilgrims, since it said that it cured the illnesses of the eyes. His fame extended quickly and arrived to hearings of his father that travelled in his search to convince finally of his santidad. Thus it gave him the castle of Hohenburg (today known like Odilienberg or Mont Saint Odile) to transform it in a monastery of the that Otilia would be first abbot and that would govern by the order benedictina. Beside the monastery founded a hospital and the church of San Juan Bautista, temple where died on 13 December of the year 720 d.C. And where conserves and venerates his body (Figure 1).
It appears 1: Church of San Juan Bautista, temple where died on 13 December of the year 720 d.C. And where conserves and venerates his body
The first documents in which evidence the cult to Santa Otilia date of the 9th century A.D. His iconography includes the habit of abbot benedictino and a book in the hand (Holy Writings or Rule benedictina) on which rest two eyes (Figure 2), to similarity of the tray of Santa Lucía. It was canonizada on 17 December 1050 by the pope Leo IX and the pope Pío XII appointed it patron saint of Alsace in 1946 (other authors say that already it was it from 1807), where today venerates it to him, as also in Germany, like patron saint d and the patients of the sight.
It appears 2: Iconography of Santa Otilia; it includes the habit of abbot benedictino and a book in the hand (Holy Writings or Rule benedictina) on which rest two eyes
The congregation benedictina of Santa Otilia was founded in the 19th century by the monk Andreas Amrheim and approved by the pope Leo XIII in June of 1884; they are at present the missionary and missionary of Santa Otilia that in Spain erigieron in the year 2001 the monastery of Saint Salvador of the Mountain Irago in Rabanal of the Way (Way of Santiago-León).
- Noguera JJ. Santa Otilia. Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol 2005; 80(10):625-6
- Cotallo JL, Esteban M. History and legend of Santa Otilia. Studium Ophthalmologicum 2010 (28): 1. Annexes